Of all medical problems in the world, back pain has been common amongst the growing population as at least most of us are experiencing this in one way or another every day.
Back pain has no specific explanation but is mostly described as a constant dull ache to a sudden sharp pain that may radiate down the lower back or at the upper back of the human body. It is often felt or even gets worse when you are bending, twisting, lifting, walking, or even standing.
Sometimes back pain develops in a rapid slow manner when it is age-related due to degenerative changes to the spine but sometimes events such as accidents or lifting heaving things can hasten the condition.
There are several types of back pains that will be discussed below.
Acute pain is short-term pain that does not last for more than a month. It occurs due to conducting vigorous activities which you were not used to, lifting heavy objects, and bending the wrong way.
Acute back pain can go away on its own but sometimes it is advisable to see a doctor in case it lasts longer than expected.
This type of back pain needs immediate doctor’s attention as can last for more than 12 weeks.
Sub-acute back pain is comprised of;
Spinal disc injury is the major cause of this type and has the following symptoms;
This type of back pain often occurs at the back of the spine, especially in relation to the joints.
Its symptoms are;
This is a type of back pain that is related to extension dominant back pain but it tends to affect people of old age, especially in their late fifties. It usually limits the ability to walk for long-distance as it is caused by a nerve getting compressed when someone is standing or working.
Its major symptom is numbness or leg weakness upon standing up and walking for a predictable amount of time.
This is a type of pain that is usually caused by inflammation of joints and occurs among patients who are aged under 35 years.
It is usually accompanied by symptoms such as;
It last longer than three months. It is very severe in nature and stabbing. Chronic pain when left untreated can negatively affect the body’s psyche as its causes are very difficult to identify unless a fatal injury of known nature is involved.
As the name suggests, this occurs on the upper part of the body or spine around the neck. They can be caused by;
This is a very common type of back pain. This type of back pain is usually associated with injury to muscles on tendons and joints in the back. The pain is sometimes mild but can get severe depending on the injury or the condition that the patient is in.
Some risk factors for lower back pain are;
Identification of lower back pain is very easy as it appears gradually. Its pain is usually sharp or dull and achy. Popping sounds can be heard after or during an activity.
Back pain varies among men, women, and children due to different reasons such as medical conditions, illness, or injuries. Women are known to experience or deal with chronic lower back pain more often than men.
Generally, there is a category that causes back pain in females;
Girls when they reach puberty and start the menstrual cycle can also experience back pain due to these changes.
Some specific causes of back pain in women;
Men experience back pain differently from females due to their nature of work. Most men experience this due to their daily activities, which are often vigorous, excess work out, medical conditions, etc.
Back pain can result due to different causes such as accidents, injuries, and even some medical conditions.
Back pain commonly happens when one gets involved in strenuous activities. These activities might cause;
Such activities as lifting something which is very heavy in an incorrect way or making an abrupt uncertain body movement when lifting such heavy objects are the major causes of strain.
Structural problems that cause back pain are like rupture disc which give more pressure on the nerve resulting in back pain
When talking about posture, it simply either means standing posture or sitting posture. Sitting in an awkward position, especially when using a laptop in an office or home can cause a lot of back pain.
These poor positions include:
Other causes of back pain include;
Most back pain conditions can be treated by use of home remedies but it is very advisable to see a doctor especially when or after;
Apply an ice pack or a warm towel to the painful area and use over-the-counter medications such as Ibuprofen, which is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
You should rest from strenuous work or activity as these are among the major causes of muscle weakening.
After experiencing these symptoms, you should visit the doctor to diagnose and establish if you truly have back pain problems. As a patient, you need to cooperate during this step as it sets the foundation for proper medication.
A CT Scan, MRI, and X-ray can be used to check the state of the body tissue in the back.
One of the preventing back pain is through exercise such as;
They help reduce back pain. You can start these activities with short sessions till it becomes a norm.
Mattresses that are medium-firm and that can provide firm support for your body weight and a straight alignment for your spine should be used. A mattress for back pain relief has some unique features as compared to a normal mattress. For instance, they need to be re-adjustable.
Back Pain can reduce your productivity especially if your job involves sitting down for long hours. The best remedy that you can consider to reduce the intensity of back pain is considering an office chair for back pain relief. They help you maintain the right posture when on your chair in the office or when driving.
It is advisable to see your healthcare professional when you are finding it hard to
perform your normal duties due to pain in your back. A health care professional can help you
find ways to manage your pain and will assist you in regaining a better quality of life.
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